Saturday, 2 January 2016

Picking up olives in Italy

Our school is located in a hilly region, where olive oil is one of the main agricultural products and also a is a fundamental ingredient in our diet.
As agrarian school, we have both a science lab and a panel test lab for virgin oil analysis, where we test its characteristics and assess its quality.
Olive oil is obtained through the cold squeezing of olives. It has various recognized positives characteristics: it's excellent for child alimentation because it has acid composition similar to maternal milk and it's composed predominantly of fat acid. It is at the basis of Mediterranean cuisine, whose healthy value is praised everywhere. In our laboratory we analyse organoleptic characteristics, including acidity.
In southern Italy olive trees are very common and they are part of the landscape, In each region there are different varieties of plants, from which the different characteristics of the oil. The plantations on the Adriatic side are very large, so other plants are cultivated in the same land, from which derive different flavours: in fact oil takes on the flavour of the surrounding plants.

The harvest begins around 10th November to avoid low temperatures and there are many harvesting techniques, their differences depend on type of plants but in past the harvesters used to collect the olives in a basket fastened to their waist. Nowadays we use modern equipment like mechanic olive harvester and the olives fall on a net that allow comfortable harvest.
Our classmate Ruben comes from Raiano, a village situated in the centre of Abruzzo, in the province of L'Aquila, precisely in the Peligna Valley. It was an important stretch on the road of the transhumance. The population, mainly composed of small farmers, still relies on agriculture and sheep grazing. The predominant cultivation of Raiano is the olive and many plants are hundreds of years old. His grandad says that some of the olive trees date back to 1600. 

Teacher Maria Cristina Nativio
Istituto Tecnico Agrario di Alanno 

No comments:

Post a Comment